DAY 1: MARAS AND MORAY
08:30 – 09:00 a.m. We will go through the hotels of our clients to start this great cultural visit, we will visit the following places:
Ruins of Moray: Situated at 3,450 meters above sea level, these Inca ruins are a testament of pre hispanic settlements. Moray was discovered in 1930 and consists of several terraced circular depressions, once used for agriculture, which relied on a complex irrigation system that reached all terraces. This area is known by the Quechua people as “muyus”. The largest depression is approximately 150 meters deep, with each terrace having an average height of 1.80 meters. The ruins of Moray date from the Inca era, when they were a center for agricultural research with several microclimates, which were achieved thanks to the height difference between terraces.
Town of Maras: This picturesque little town still preserves some of its beautiful colonial architecture. Here, we will admire extraordinary buildings adorned with sculptured reliefs, as well as meticulously carved stone fronts.
Salt pans of Maras: The salt pans are shallow evaporation pools fed by a salt-rich stream, where local “Maras” and “Pichigotos” have harvested salt since the Inca era, using rudimentary tools. These archeological remains reveal that salt was already a known and valuable resource during pre-hispanic times. The current salt extraction technique is very similar to the one used by the Incas, over 900 years ago. This technology, which is a momentous feat of hydraulic engineering, has been preserved throughout the centuries and used on a small scale due to the dimensions of the evaporation pools. These pools are built on terraces on the slopes of the mountain and are passed down as inheritance. The salt extraction is seasonal and only occurs during the dry season, from May through November, or early December.